Часть 2. Урок № 65.

Прослушайте видео запись несколько раз, затем прочитайте текст на английском языке вслух.

But the really important festivals in Britain are Easter and Christmas -   especially Christmas.
At Christmas people put up lots of decorations.
This is the Robinsons’ Christmas tree.
They keep their presents under it until Christmas Day.
People often spend Christmas with their families.
On Christmas Day they give presents to their friends and family.
What‘s Mrs Robinson got?
Oh, how lovely!
Lucky Mum!
Thank you, darling.
Uh, great.
Poor old Dad‘s got four pairs of socks!

Однако по-настоящему важные праздники в Британии Пасха и Рождество  - особенно Рождество.
На Рождество люди достают множество украшений.
Это рождественская елка Робинсов.
Они держат свои подарки под ней до Рождества.
Люди часто проводят Рождество со своими семьями.
На Рождество они дарят подарки своим друзьям и семье.
Что получила миссис Робинсон?
Ах, какая прелесть!
Счастливая мама!  
Спасибо, дорогой.
Ух, отлично.
Бедный старый папа получил четыре пары носков!

 

 

 


Past perfect (I have done) - (I had done)

(a) Past Perfect Tense образуется при помощи had + past participle (seen, gone, opened, written, looked, и т.д.).

Мы используем Past Perfect для того, чтобы показать:

1.что действие было завершено до определенного момента в прошлом:

- I had written a letter by two o'clock.

2.что одно действие было завершено перед другим действием в прошлом:

- She had already left when I came.

- I didn't know what I should write. I had never written letters before.

(b) Past Perfect (I had done) - это прошедшее время от Present Perfect (I have done).

Cравните:

Present

Past

I'm not hungry. I've just had lunch.

The house is dirty. We haven't cleaned it for weeks.

I wasn't hungry. I'd just had lunch.

The house was dirty. We hadn't cleaned it for weeks.

(c) Сравните Past Perfect и Past Simple:

- Was Mary ready to go to the cinema when you came to her?

- Yes, she had been ready by the moment.

- Jack wasn't in when I phoned him. He was in his office.

- Jack had just got home when I phoned him. He had been in his office.